Current Aptitude Tests: Examples / Template – Questions and Answers


Updated: September 2016.

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Current Aptitude Test Questions ans Answers

Aptitude Tests or Psychometric Tests, what are they? The word “aptitude” was developed from the Latin word aptitudo, meaning fitness. The definition has grown and expanded to mean capability; ability; innate or acquired capacity for something; talent; quickness in learning; or special fitness.

Aptitude and/or ability tests are special tests designed to evaluate your logical reasoning or thinking performance. Typically, they consist of multiple choice questions and are administered under exam conditions. They are strictly timed and a typical test might allow 30 minutes for 30 or so questions.

You may be asked to answer the questions either on paper or online. The advantages of online testing include immediate availability of results and the fact that the test can be taken at employment agency premises or even at home. This makes online testing particularly suitable for initial screening as it is obviously very cost-effective.

There are at least 1000s of aptitude and ability tests on the market. Some of them contain only one type of question (for example, verbal ability, numeric reasoning ability etc) while others are made up of different types of question.

The various types of aptitude test questions can be categorized as follows:

Verbal Ability
Verbal Reasoning tests require the candidate to read short passages of writing and then answer questions assessing their comprehension of the text. Rather than evaluating your vocabulary or fluency, these tests assess your ability to think constructively. Includes spelling, grammar, ability to understand analogies and follow detailed written instructions. These questions appear in most general aptitude tests because employers usually want to know how well you can communicate.

Reading Comprehension Test: This is a sub-division of Verbal Ability Test. What is it? It is a prose passage running into 400 to 1000 words followed by some questions based on the contents of the passage. You have to go through the passage, comprehend it properly and then answer the questions. So this type of question is meant to assess your power to understand the passage critically.

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Numeric Ability
Numerical Reasoning tests demonstrate a candidate’s ability to deal with numbers quickly and accurately. These tests contain questions that assess your knowledge of ratios, percentages, cost and sales analysis, rates, trends and currency conversions. These questions appear in most general aptitude tests because employers usually want some indication of your ability to use numbers even if this is not a major part of the job.

Abstract Reasoning – Aptitude Test
Measures your ability to identify the underlying logic of a pattern and then determine the solution. Because abstract reasoning ability is believed to be the best indicator of fluid intelligence and your ability to learn new things quickly these questions appear in most general aptitude tests.

Diagrammatic Reasoning – Aptitude Test
These questions are designed to assess your logical reasoning ability. The questions measure your ability to infer a set of rules from a flowchart or sequence of diagrams and then to apply those rules to new situation.

Spatial Ability – Aptitude Test
Measures your ability to manipulate shapes in two dimensions or to visualize three-dimensional objects presented as two-dimensional pictures. These questions not usually found in general aptitude tests unless the job specifically requires good spatial skills.

Mechanical Reasoning – Aptitude Test
This is designed to assess your knowledge of physical and mechanical principles. Mechanical reasoning questions are used to select for a wide range of jobs including the military (Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery), police forces, fire services, as well as many craft, technical and engineering occupations.

Fault Diagnosis – Aptitude Test
These tests are used to select technical personnel who need to be able to find and repair faults in electronic and mechanical systems. As modern equipment of all types becomes more dependent on electronic control systems (and arguably more complex) the ability to approach problems logically in order to find the cause of the fault is increasingly important.
Data Checking Ability – Aptitude Test
Measure of how quickly and accurately errors can be detected in data and are used to select candidates for clerical and data input jobs.

Work Sample – Aptitude Test
It involves a sample of the work that you will be expected do. These types of test can cover very broad areas. They may involve exercises using a word processor or spreadsheet if the job is administrative or they may include giving a presentation or in-tray exercises if the job is management or supervisory level.


Before Attending the Aptitude Test – What to do

Decide on a Practice Strategy
You should make your own decision about which types of question to practice. You could either concentrate on your weakest area or you could try to elevate your score across all areas. Whichever strategy you choose – keep practicing. Because of the way that aptitude tests are marked, even small improvements to your raw score will have a big influence on you.